Solving Unique Challenges with a Hybrid Approach to Insulation
September 17, 2019
One of the simplest ways to meet building codes requirements in construction is through the effective use of insulation. There are several types of rooftop insulations available in the marketplace, but two of the most commonly accepted in commercial roofing applications are polyisocyanurate (polyiso) and expanded polystyrene (EPS).
Polyiso is a lightweight and cost-effective, closed-cell, rigid foam board insulation that provides energy-efficient solutions for buildings in any region and climate, as well as outstanding return on investment and significant energy savings.
EPS is a closed-cell, rigid foam insulation manufactured using expandable polystyrene. It is block-molded for most construction applications and is highly customizable, enabling thicknesses up to 40 inches in a single board. EPS is versatile and durable and can provide significant cost and labor advantages.
Both polyiso and EPS provide great benefits and R-value in roof construction projects. However, projects often arise when a hybrid solution to insulation may be the most practical. A hybrid polyiso/EPS solution can help you edge out the competition in a number of scenarios.
New Construction with Concrete Decks 
A recent innovation introduced by Carlisle is ChannelDry® EPS Insulation. ChannelDry is ideal for new construction projects with structural concrete, lightweight structural concrete, and lightweight insulating concrete roof decks. Using ChannelDry in conjunction with one-way and two-way relief vents allows the installation of the roof system to begin upon structural cure of concrete (typically around 28 days). ChannelDry is compatible with ballasted, mechanically fastened, induction welded, and adhered single-ply roofing systems. The use of ChannelDry creates a problem-solving solution for new construction involving concrete decks, enabling construction to commence immediately upon structural cure.
Standing Seam Metal Roofs 
With square-, taper-, and profile-cut flute-fill products in custom shapes and sizes, a solution is available for all metal retrofit roofs. Combining EPS to fill the metal roof flutes with a subsequent layer of insulation or coverboard can create an ideal foundation for a retrofit roof. Click here to hear a contractor describe the benefits of this system from a project in Windsor, Ontario, Canada.
Tapered Roof Design 
A tapered roof is another ideal candidate for a hybrid approach to save time and money. With thicknesses up to 40" and virtually any slope available in a single board, a base layer of tapered EPS insulation can save nearly 30% in product cost alone, with additional savings on installation time when combined with polyiso.
Combining polyiso and EPS in commercial roofing applications is an effective solution that can often save you money and labor on a project. Contact your local Carlisle representative to learn more.
January 14, 2020
CAV-GRIP III in Cold Weather: Best Practices

As mother nature's cold hands grip much of the continent, many roofing contractors are forced close up shop until winter surrenders to spring. For many contractors, the onset of cold weather means delayed progress, but that mentality is changing. Carlisle's focus on innovation has resulted in new products that make cold weather installations more manageable. One product leading the pack is CAV-GRIP® III Low-VOC Adhesive, which can be installed in temperatures as low as 25°F (-4°C)! Like other adhesives, there are guidelines to follow when using CAV-GRIP III in cold weather. Here is some advice to live by: STORAGE: Whether at a distributor's shop or on the jobsite, CAV-GRIP III should ALWAYS be stored in protected, heated spaces with the temperature maintained above 70°F (21°C). Adhesive can thicken or gel when exposed to colder temperatures for an extended period. When reheating with a heated blanket or hot box, it can take hours to thoroughly heat the contents and re-liquify. It is recommended to reheat for 12-24 hours prior to use. If the spray gun is spitting, sputtering, or clogging, it is a good indication you've got cold material. GUARD AGAINST HEAT SINKS: A "heat sink" is a material or surface that absorbs heat from surrounding objects. Place cylinders on insulation to avoid direct contact with a cold steel or concrete decks. These surfaces will act as a heat sink, rapidly cooling the cylinders. HOT BOXES AND HEAT BLANKETS: Shop-fabricated or manufactured hot boxes and heated blankets are required to keep CAV-GRIP III above 70°F (21°C) when working in colder temperatures. Do not use band heaters due to risks associated with overheating a pressurized cylinder. Devising a way to insulate and heat the hoses also aids in keeping the adhesive warm and spraying properly. Removing cylinders from the cardboard box will aid in heat transfer. ROTATION: It's a good idea to preheat cylinders to 90°F (32°C) as a safety factor against wind chill. Rotate cold tanks into a hot box and replace with heated cylinders. SHAKE CYLINDERS TO AGITATE CONTENTS: Shaking cylinders is a good way to avoid settling of contents and to maintain spray pressure. SPRAYING ISSUES OR GUN CLOGGING: If the spray tip begins to spit, sputter, or clog entirely, there are two main culprits: 1. COLD MATERIAL - Clean the gun and hose from the problem cylinder with Low-VOC UN-TACK prior to attaching to a new, warm cylinder after it has been shaken. 2. CLOGGED SPRAY TIP - If spraying stops, remove the brass spray tip and spray the adhesive into a garbage bag. If the adhesive flows through the wand in a straight stream with no hesitation, then the tank is still functional (assuming it's warm). Simply clean or replace the brass tip and begin spraying again. For more information, please contact your regional manager.     Ryan Ferguson     EPDM Product Specialist     Product Marketing     [email protected]

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December 23, 2019
Installation Tips for Pressure-Sensitive Elastoform Products

STORAGE: Heat exposure is what causes Pressure-Sensitive Elastoform Flashing® (PSEF) to cure on the roof after installation, so storing all your PSEF in a cool place will maximize its shelf life. Carlisle performed an experiment where Sure-White® Corners were refrigerated for 18 months and they were still uncured and usable. Pretty "cool" for a product with a 6-month shelf life! HEAT: Want to make your PSEF easy to work with? Use a heat gun to warm the flashing prior to installation in colder weather. Always heat Sure-White PSEF even in the warmer months. Rule of thumb; store cool and install warm! INSTALLATION: Speaking of forming corners, the PSEF stretches and forms better when the elongated diamond pattern is installed parallel to the deck membrane. Additionally, it helps to use the poly film as a separator when folding the corner in half to prevent the exposed tape edges from sticking to each other. POURABLE SEALER POCKETS: One of the biggest mistakes Carlisle encounters with Pourable Sealer Pockets is improperly applied or missing primer. It is very important to prime the flashing that is turned down into the pocket, as well as the flashing on the top rim of the pocket. Primer is necessary to achieve a long-term bond between Pourable Sealer and PSEF. If separation is present, it's likely that primer application was missed. It is also important and necessary to thoroughly clean and prime penetrations prior to filling pockets with pourable sealer. OUTSIDE CORNERS: Double-wrapping outside corners is a great idea on ballasted systems, especially if the base membrane isn't cut perfectly tight to the curb. PSEF needs to have a solid surface beneath it for long-term performance. If an additional layer of PSEF is installed to eliminate voids at outside corners, the corner flashing will be better able to withstand movement from expansion/contraction forces and will be less likely to develop a hole than if a single layer of PSEF is used. LAP SEALANT: All PSEF requires Lap Sealant to be applied and feathered over the entire splice edge. Please contact your Regional Manager with questions     Ron Goodman     EPDM Product Manager     Product Marketing     [email protected]

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November 26, 2019
Seam Probing

Seam probing is an important final step in the hot air welding process because it is a good indicator to determine if proper fusion has occurred between the membrane layers. Whether the membrane is TPO or PVC, both products need to be probed – but with slightly different techniques. Probing must be done once hot air welds have thoroughly cooled (at least 20 minutes). Premature probing can damage warm seams. Hot air welded seams must be probed throughout the day to check seam quality and to make proper adjustments to hot air welding equipment. The repair of deficiencies must be done routinely throughout the day, but no later than the end of each workday. A blunt or dull cotter pin puller is an acceptable tool to perform the probing task. Carlisle offers a custom-designed Seam Probe that incorporates an ergonomic, threaded handle with a heat-treated, plated steel tip. With continued use these tools will wear down, creating a tip that is too sharp for probing. Blunting the tip is necessary when this occurs. When a substantial amount of probing is necessary, an extension pole can be threaded into the handle of the Carlisle probe. This allows the operator to stand up while probing long runs of field seams. Getting started: Draw your probing tool tip along the edge of the heat welded seam. Apply firm pressure to probe the seam junction, but not into the bottom membrane sheet. The tool will not penetrate into the lap area of a properly welded seam. If the seam probing tool penetrates into the welded overlap area, use a water-soluble marker to mark the beginning and the end of voids or wrinkles in the seam edge. Repair seam deficiencies as soon as possible using the hand held welder. Carlisle recommends that repairs be made the same day deficiencies are discovered. Probe repaired seams after they have cooled completely. If the repair is acceptable, wipe off the water-soluble marker lines; if not acceptable, repair the seam using standard heat welded overlay procedures. Another reason all laps must be probed each day soon after they have cooled is to verify the welder set-up is effective. Particular attention must be given to all membrane intersections and heat welded seams at insulation joints. In addition, there should be periodic checks (including at the start of each day) to verify good peel strength. Considerations when probing TPO systems: TPO does not "flow" like PVC. If you observe an area in which you see "flow" of the bottom ply, scorched areas of detail/flashing membrane, or scorched field membrane welds, these areas should be probed. If these areas are overheated to the point of membrane damage, an overlay repair will be required even if the weld probes successfully. A properly heated field membrane weld will typically have a visual "sheen" approximately 1/2" wide on the bottom sheet at the weld overlap. When walking seams, look for the sheen. If it is not present, probe to ensure weld quality. TPO seams require a minimum 1.5" weld. Welds less than 1.5" must be overlaid as stated in Carlisle’s specifications and details, even if probing does not produce deficiencies. Considerations when probing PVC systems: Welds on PVC systems should produce "bleed out". Bleed out refers to the flow of the bottom ply (of the top sheet) outside of the weld. If you do not see bleed out at seam areas, this increases the probability the seam did not receive enough heat when it was welded. Be sure to probe these areas to ensure weld quality. PVC is a “softer” and more flexible membrane than TPO. As such, a different probe should be used than the one used on TPO roofing systems. The PVC probe should have a blunt/dull tip, or utilize a "hook" screwdriver with a flat head. PVC seams require a minimum 1.5" weld. If you observe welds which are less than 1.5", these should be overlaid following specifications and details, even if probing does not produce deficiencies. Remember, application of Cut Edge Sealant should not begin until all probing is completed. Please contact Jim Gage with questions.     Jim Gage     Senior Technical Specialist     Product Marketing     [email protected]

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