NFPA 285: A Look at 2015 IBC Exemptions
November 20, 2019

National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 285 is a wall assembly fire test referenced by the International Building Code (IBC). This test requirement applies to Non-Combustible Construction, Types I, II, III, and IV. The use of this testing requirement is outlined in Chapters 14 and 26 of IBC, with exceptions added in the 2015 version of IBC.

Two other fire tests are referenced in Chapters 14 and 26 as well: ASTM E84 "Test Methods for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials" and ASTM E1354 "Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter".

Several CCM products in the category of Water Resistive Barriers and Plastic Foam Insulation meet the exceptions in 2015 IBC, which means they would not trigger the need for an NFPA 285 test, but keep in mind that many CCM products have passed this assembly test with many other product combinations.

Examples of products which would meet the exemption for Chapter 14 in 2015 IBC are R2+ SHEATHE, which is a foil-faced Polyisocyanurate wall board, and R2+ MATTE, which is a Class A Coated Glass Faced Polyisocyanurate wall board.


Examples of products which would meet the exemption for Chapter 26 in 2015 IBC are Barrithane VP, a fluid-applied, vapor-permeable membrane at 20-mil and 40-mil cured thickness and 705FR-A, a rubberized asphalt composite membrane. Both of these products meet the ASTM E84 thresholds of ≤25 Flame Spread and ≤450 Smoke Development and ASTM E1354 threshold of 50 kW/m2.


So for your next wall assembly, verify that your product meets the exemption or choose a product which has passed NFPA 285 testing for your specific wall assembly. Contact Craig Tyler at [email protected] with further questions.

January 8, 2020
Air and Vapor Barriers for Roofs

In 2012, the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) introduced the continuous air barrier requirement for new commercial construction. This meant that air and vapor barriers were now required for walls, and they must be tied to both the roofing assembly and the foundation. For years, many architects and designers only utilized an air and vapor barrier on the roof deck for high-humidity occupancies, such as swimming pools or food processing facilities. But the new requirement meant taking a hard look at the needs of all buildings and what a roof assembly could do for the building envelope. A single-ply membrane, as stated in the IECC and as tested utilizing the ASTM E2178 standard, qualifies as an air barrier and can satisfy the requirement for an air barrier on any given project. So why would you consider adding an additional air and vapor barrier to the roofing assembly? There are a couple of very simple reasons: Reason 1: Air Intrusion. While a properly installed roofing system will not allow air leakage (e.g., conditioned indoor air from exiting the building thermal envelope), it does allow air movement within the roof assembly. As the single-ply roof membrane is on the top of the assembly, indoor conditioned air can infiltrate into the roofing system and travel into the layers of insulation or cover boards. Why is this an issue? See Reason 2… Reason 2: Moisture Migration. Adding a deck-level air and vapor barrier is a great solution to prevent air intrusion and moisture migration. This also allows the wall air and vapor barrier to be tied together at the deck level, which allows the roof to be replaced more easily in the future. The contractor will not be modifying the continuous air barrier when re-roofing, as the roof is no longer that barrier. Carlisle SynTec provides many options for deck level air and vapor barriers: VapAir Seal MD for steel deck construction, direct to deck; VapAir Seal 725TR for Concrete Decks; VapAir Seal Flashing Foam for sealing around penetrations such as pipes; Go to the Air and Vapor Barriers Product Page on the Carlisle SynTec website for more information, specifications, and details. Contact Craig Tyler at [email protected] with further questions.

Read This Post
December 18, 2019
Cold Weather Installation Tips Part 2 - Membranes and Insulation

As discussed in the previous SpecTopic, "Cold Weather Installation Tips Part 1 - Low-VOC Bonding Adhesives and Primers", specifying and handling of building envelope products is challenging during the colder winter months. Single-ply membranes and rigid insulation boards need some extra consideration, as they can be adversely affected by outside temperatures. For starters, all membranes will need time to "relax" after being unrolled from the original packaging; this applies to EPDM, TPO, PVC and KEE HP. It is also suggested that membrane widths be limited to a maximum of 10 feet for adhered roofing systems. Treat flashing products and accessories as you would adhesives and primers, by utilizing heated storage enclosures or "hot boxes". This practice is strongly recommended when ambient temperatures are expected to fall below 40°F for an extended period of time. In all applications, but especially in cold conditions, insulation and underlayments must be stored so that they are kept dry and protected from the elements. Insulations should be stored on a skid, covered with a breathable tarp, and weighted to prevent wind damage. In winter months, ice and frost can form on the membrane. This can be difficult to see and can remain on the roof well into the day, especially on white membranes. This can be especially hazardous when working near the edge of the roof. Additionally, frost on metal edges and copings can create a very slick surface and cause ladders to slide and shift. Never step onto a metal coping when it is frost- or snow-covered. So for your next cold weather specification for single-ply membranes and rigid board insulation, include some installation precautions as mentioned. Contact Craig Tyler at [email protected] with further questions.

Read This Post
December 4, 2019
Cold Weather Installation Tips Part 1 – Low-VOC Bonding Adhesives and Primers

As temperatures fall and winter approaches, specifying and handling building envelope products – especially adhesives and primers – becomes a concern. Low-VOC adhesives and primers contain more water than standard adhesives and primers and can be adversely affected by outside temperatures. When specifying a low-VOC bonding adhesive or primer for a winter installation time frame, make sure to include information in the specification regarding cold weather application. This should include heated storage enclosures, or "hot boxes", for jobsite adhesive storage. This practice is strongly recommended when ambient temperatures are expected to fall below 40°F for an extended period of time. Adhesives and primers should be stored in locations where temperatures are between 60°F and 80°F. While working with adhesives, they should be rotated in hot boxes to ensure the temperature of the product stays above 40°F. Adhesives may appear gelled or lumpy when left for extended periods of time at temperatures below 40°F. If this occurs, return the material to room temperature for a minimum of 24 hours prior to use. In all applications, but especially in colder conditions, make sure you achieve the proper coverage rates for the adhesive or primer being used. Following coverage rates for Low-VOC adhesives and primers allows proper flash-off and reduces the trapped solvents which could lead to membrane blistering. For applications in very cold temperatures, Flexible FAST™ Adhesive may be necessary. Flexible FAST is a two-part polyurethane foam adhesive which is spray-applied and used with a fleece-backed single-ply membrane. The advantage of this system is that it can be sprayed using 15- or 50-gallon drums of Part A and Part B, which can be heated using drum or band heaters. This allows the material to stay warmer during application and lowers the minimum application temperature to 25°F. So for your next cold weather specification of Low-VOC adhesives and primers, include some installation precautions as mentioned. Contact Craig Tyler at [email protected] with further questions.

Read This Post
X
Email to your Colleagues >
Separate multiple emails with a comma or semicolon.
Copy Me


Please log in to share this item by email.
Add to a Collection >
Please log in to share this item to your collections.
Private
Private Collection (change)

Loading...
Invite user by email:
User Invited. Invite another
User Invite Failed, try again.
X
Visibility Options
Public Collection
Anyone with a link can view. No sign-in required.
Private Collection
Only people explictly granted permission can access. Sign-in required.
X

You are now working in your copied collection
Okay