Addressing Common Mistakes with Two-Component Low-Rise Adhesives
July 23, 2019
Two-component low-rise urethane adhesives have become increasingly popular since their introduction into the single-ply roofing industry over 30 years ago. Since 2015, the two-component low-rise urethane adhesive market has significantly expanded due to the introduction of new low-pressure dispensing equipment.

While low-rise urethane adhesives provide several advantages when designing a roof to withstand extreme weather events, there are common mistakes that can affect the application of the product.

Below are common mistakes that can occur during two-component urethane adhesive applications:
  1. Gaps between the deck and wall/penetration that are not sealed: Unsealed gaps allow humid air to enter the roofing assembly and condensate on the deck, weakening the insulation facer. A physical air block using foam or a backer rod in addition to VapAir 725TR or Pressure-Sensitive Flashing is required.
  2. Loose material or moisture on the deck: Dirt, dust, debris, and loose felts will compromise the adhesive bond. After brooming, use a blower to remove any residual contamination. Deck must be dry.
  3. Un-weathered asphalt wasn’t primed: Carlisle requires the use of CAV-GRIP III or 702 Primer over weathered asphalt when beads are spaced at 4”, 6", or 12" o.c.. Adhesion to un-weathered asphalt is doubled with CAV-GRIP III or 702 Primer, with CAV-GRIP III being the preferred method. Fastening the first layer of insulation is an option.
  4. Depressions in the deck not accounted for: Hard insulation boards will bridge depressions or deflections in the deck. These areas should be marked ahead of time so that more adhesive or thicker adhesive can be applied to compensate.
  5. Pencil thin beads applied: Proper application and performance requires a minimum ½"-wide wet bead of adhesive that will foam out to around 1-1.5".
  6. Bead spacing exceeds specification: Bead spacing has a direct impact on the uplift performance of the assembly. If the spec calls for 6" o.c. and it is applied it at 8" or 9" o.c., the ultimate uplift strength will be reduced. A 4" o.c. spacing requires 12 beads per 4' x 4' board. A 6" o.c. spacing requires 8 beads per 4' x 4' board. A 12" o.c. spacing requires 4 beads per 4' x 4' board (Maximum 4' x 4' insulation boards when adhesive is extruded at 12" o.c. or when boards exceed 4" thickness, or 4' x 8' insulation boards when adhesive is applied in full spray, 4", or 6" beads.).
  7. 12" bead spacing used in corners and perimeters: Corners and perimeters experience more wind uplift pressure, which is why Carlisle requires tighter bead spacing in these areas. 12" bead spacing is not acceptable in corners or perimeters. Know the spacing requirements prior to starting the job.
  8. Thin application over gravel BUR: A thicker application of adhesive is required over a properly prepared gravel BUR. The foam must rise 3/8" above the remaining gravel, or it won’t touch the board.
  9. Not waiting for “string/gel” time: If insulation boards are set prior to the adhesive reaching string- or gel-like consistency, the foam cells collapse back to a liquid and the adhesive loses a significant amount of its holding power. This is very important to note.
  10. No weighted roller used, and no relief cuts or constant weight applied: Rigid insulation boards must be forced into the adhesive with a 150-lb. segmented weighted roller. Relief cuts and constant weight are sometimes required to promote a solid bond. Rolling the boards at the 5-minute mark allows adhesive to gain strength.
  11. Changing static mixing tips: When the Part-A side and Part-B side of 2-component urethane adhesives are mixed together, it creates a thermal reaction that produces the adhesive. The adhesive in small static mixing tips will begin to solidify after 15-20 seconds, meaning the tips must be changed to avoid off-ratio or clogged guns.
  12. Not shaking Dual Tanks: Dual Tanks use a propellant to disperse the adhesive. To activate the propellant, the tanks must be shaken for 30-seconds prior to using. When the tanks are not agitated, the adhesive will not disperse properly, reducing coverage rates or producing off ratio adhesive.
  13. Cold or Hot Adhesive: Keeping adhesive at the recommended temperatures is important to ensure proper performance. Adhesives that are too cold or too hot will affect coverage rates and the performance of the adhesive. During winter applications, hot boxes and heated blankets should be used to keep the material between 70-90°F.

For more information about two-component low-rise adhesives, please contact Austin Kulp.


    Austin Kulp
    Fleece Membranes & Coatings Product Manager
    Product Marketing
    [email protected]
October 1, 2019
Special Color TPO Accessories

As the demand for different colored roof membranes has grown, Carlisle introduced its TPO Color Palette with five new colors. In addition to standard white, gray, and tan, Carlisle’s TPO Color Palette now features Rock Brown, Slate Gray, Terra Cotta, Patina Green, and Medium Bronze. Projects that use special color membrane from the TPO Color Palette usually need flashings and accessories in the same color. Here, contractors have two choices, one of which is painting standard accessories to match the membrane. However, this is a great opportunity to use Carlisle’s custom TPO accessory program and avoid painting altogether. All Carlisle custom accessories are available in the five TPO Color Palette colors, as well as white, tan, and gray. Whether it’s a simple split pipe seal or a complex prefabricated curb wrap, Carlisle can make it in all eight TPO colors and get it to the job quickly. In addition to being available in eight colors, here are some other great advantages to using custom flashings from Carlisle: • Save time vs. field fabrication: Trying to field-fabricate flashings can be time-consuming work, even for the most skilled and experienced roofers. Using prefabricated flashings saves time. • No need for paint: There’s no need to prime and paint the accessories to match the membrane; just install and go. • Speed: Custom accessories can be fabricated and shipped within days, not weeks. • Quality: All of Carlisle’s custom TPO accessories carry the Certified Fabricated Accessory (CFA) stamp of approval, indicating they are eligible for coverage as part of the Carlisle Total Roofing System Warranty. Next time you have a project using Carlisle’s TPO Color Palette TPO, consider using custom accessories to make the job faster and easier to install. Sure-Weld TPO Special Color Painting Guide  Sure-Weld TPO Special Color Program  Custom Accessory Quote Request Form      Adam Burzynski     TPO Product Manager     Product Marketing     [email protected]

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September 17, 2019
Solving Unique Challenges with a Hybrid Approach to Insulation

One of the simplest ways to meet building codes requirements in construction is through the effective use of insulation. There are several types of rooftop insulations available in the marketplace, but two of the most commonly accepted in commercial roofing applications are polyisocyanurate (polyiso) and expanded polystyrene (EPS). Polyiso is a lightweight and cost-effective, closed-cell, rigid foam board insulation that provides energy-efficient solutions for buildings in any region and climate, as well as outstanding return on investment and significant energy savings. EPS is a closed-cell, rigid foam insulation manufactured using expandable polystyrene. It is block-molded for most construction applications and is highly customizable, enabling thicknesses up to 40 inches in a single board. EPS is versatile and durable and can provide significant cost and labor advantages. Both polyiso and EPS provide great benefits and R-value in roof construction projects. However, projects often arise when a hybrid solution to insulation may be the most practical. A hybrid polyiso/EPS solution can help you edge out the competition in a number of scenarios. New Construction with Concrete Decks  A recent innovation introduced by Carlisle is ChannelDry® EPS Insulation. ChannelDry is ideal for new construction projects with structural concrete, lightweight structural concrete, and lightweight insulating concrete roof decks. Using ChannelDry in conjunction with one-way and two-way relief vents allows the installation of the roof system to begin upon structural cure of concrete (typically around 28 days). ChannelDry is compatible with ballasted, mechanically fastened, induction welded, and adhered single-ply roofing systems. The use of ChannelDry creates a problem-solving solution for new construction involving concrete decks, enabling construction to commence immediately upon structural cure. Standing Seam Metal Roofs  With square-, taper-, and profile-cut flute-fill products in custom shapes and sizes, a solution is available for all metal retrofit roofs. Combining EPS to fill the metal roof flutes with a subsequent layer of insulation or coverboard can create an ideal foundation for a retrofit roof. Click here to hear a contractor describe the benefits of this system from a project in Windsor, Ontario, Canada. Tapered Roof Design  A tapered roof is another ideal candidate for a hybrid approach to save time and money. With thicknesses up to 40" and virtually any slope available in a single board, a base layer of tapered EPS insulation can save nearly 30% in product cost alone, with additional savings on installation time when combined with polyiso. Combining polyiso and EPS in commercial roofing applications is an effective solution that can often save you money and labor on a project. Contact your local Carlisle representative to learn more.

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September 3, 2019
Roofing with Resilience: A Review of 30-Year EPDM Enhancements

The history of EPDM roofing runs deep. With over 50 years on the market and billions of square feet produced and installed, Carlisle SynTec’s EPDM has a proven track record as one of the most resilient membranes in the single-ply roofing industry today. As time goes on and the construction industry evolves, more sustainable structures are becoming the norm. Building codes are increasingly robust and are placing a greater emphasis on protecting your building from Mother Nature’s wrath. Your roof system plays a huge part in achieving compliance and serves as the first line of defense against hail, wind, and other damaging elements. This is where EPDM’s sustainability and durability come into to play. Sustainability and resiliency are some of the strongest attributes of Carlisle’s EPDM membranes, and EPDM’s durability allows us to offer a high-end, 30-year Total System Warranty that guarantees long-term performance. Below are the enhancements that Carlisle SynTec requires when upgrading to a 30-year EPDM system: 30-Year EPDM Enhancements The Membrane: The thicker and more durable 90-mil EPDM, 75-mil reinforced EPDM, or 145-mil FleeceBACK® EPDM are required; fully adhered, mechanically fastened, or ballasted designs are available. The thicker membranes will provide greater long-term performance and superior resistance to weathering. Please note, 45-mil and 60-mil membranes are not eligible for 30-year Total System Warranties. The Splices: Membrane splices are one of most important parts of any roofing system and utilizing our Factory-Applied Tape™ means more watertight seams and fewer warranty claims. On a 30-year EPDM system, Carlisle requires membrane with 6”-wide Factory-Applied Tape or 6” SecurTAPE™ to be installed at all seams and end laps. The 6”-wide tape has greater peel and sheer strength and results in a stronger bond. Please note, 3” factory-applied or hand-applied tape on 30-year warranties must be stripped in with Pressure-Sensitive Cured Cover Strip. The Flashing Details: In addition to seams, flashing details are critical to preventing issues where rooftop penetrations are tied in to the field membrane. On 30-year EPDM systems, Carlisle requires specific details to be double-wrapped or covered with two layers of flashing. Below is a list of these details: Key U = Universal (applies to all 30-year systems) A = Adhered Systems Only B = Ballasted Systems Only MF = Mechanically Fastened Systems Only U-2D SecurTAPE Splice Intersection (25-/30-Year Warranties) U-8A.1 Pre-Molded Pressure-Sensitive Pipe Seal with 90-mil Membrane or 25-/30-Year Warranties U-8B.1 Field Fabricated Pipe/Structural Steel Tube Flashing for 25-/30-Year Warranties U-15D.1 Inside Corner Flashing for Projects with 90-mil Membrane or 25-/30-Year Warranties U-15H Outside Corner Flashing for Projects with 90-mil Membrane or 25-/30-Year Warranties A-2 Membrane Splice (25-/30-Year Warranties) B-2 Membrane Splice (25-/30-Year Warranties) MF-2D Membrane Splice (25-/30-Year Warranties) MF-2E SecurTAPE Splice Intersection (25-/30-Year Warranties) ***Please speak with a Carlisle SynTec Design Analyst about additional 30-year requirements in regards to adhesives, coverboards, insulation, fastening density, perimeter securement, and metal edging.***     Ryan Ferguson     EPDM Product Specialist     Product Marketing     [email protected]

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